Both species have been planted extensively as roadside trees which are often tapped as part of a sugaring operation. The bark on young red maples is smooth and light gray, while older red maples have darker, rougher bark that peels off in scaly plates or flakes. It is recognized by the opposite paired arrangements of its leaves and branches, its 7lobed leaf without marginal teeth, and its 11/2 to 2 inch long samara with divergent wings (Figure 3.12). These cankers can become slimy after rain or dew. In other areas, red maple may be tapped along with sugar and black maples. Throughout much of the commercial maple region, however, most maple producers will not tap silver maple. Norway Maple This type of maple tree originally breeds from Europe. Description. Winged seed approximately 1" long. Fruits mature in fall. The red flowers grow in dense clusters beginning in March or April, before the leaves emerge. The twigs should be smooth, slender and slightly glossy, starting out green in spring but turning reddish in autumn. Samaras are also distinctive. Because of its fast growth rate, however, mature trees can achieve diameters in excess of 3 feet and heights in excess of 100 feet. One distinction between the two maple tree types is the rate of growth. You’ll find red maple trees growing mainly in eastern North America, in a wide range of soil types but thriving in acidic soils. All have leaves of similar shape: a single leaf blade with the characteristic maple shape, 3-5 lobes radiating out like fingers from the palm of a hand (palmately lobed) with notches (called sinuses) between the lobes. Mature trees commonly average between 20 and 30 inches in diameter and 60 and 90 feet tall. The most abundant tree species in North America, and a habitat generalist, native to a wide range across the eastern part of the continent. Silver maple is a rapidly growing maple found throughout much of the eastern United States and extreme southeastern Canada, where it is often tapped (sometimes heavily) in a particular location (Figure 3.9). Growing Conditions: Full Sun, Partial Shade. The tree ranges in its stemming quality – it could be shrubby, multi-stemmed tree or a single-stemmed tree. Under natural conditions, silver maple is primarily a bottomland and floodplain species, where it may occur in pure stands but is more commonly found associated with other bottom species such as American elm, sweetgum, pin oak, swamp white oak, eastern cottonwood, sycamore, and/or green ash. Similar to sugar maple but usually 3-lobed (sometimes five); often appears to be drooping; often with a thicker leaf and lear stem (petiole) than sugar maple; usually with two winglike or leaflike growths at the base of the petiole (stipules). Red maple wood is soft and often deformed, which means that only the best specimens can be used for making sturdy products like furniture and flooring. In some areas it can be invasive, so check first with your local extension office before planting. Growing at a moderate rate, these varieties of maple trees are a sturdy and reliable shade tree. The red maple occupies one of the largest eastern north-south ranges in North America—from Canada to the tip of Florida. Third, like red maple, the evaporation of sap from some silver maples produces an excessive amount of sugar sand. Secondly, red maple begins growth in the spring before sugar and black maples, resulting in a shorter collecting season. One of the few exceptions is European larch which loses its needles in winter. In the fall, they’re easily recognizable by their bright red leaves. The silver maple's leaves don't turn a bright red or orange in fall--they turn a yellowish-brown. One exotic maple, Norway maple (Acer platanoides), is commonly planted as an ornamental and street tree and will attain tapable size. The tree is very tolerant and grows in nearly any condition. Don't confuse the red maple with the silver maple tree, both of which have similar leaves with whitish undersides. Red Maple Tree Varieties. Silver maple is among the fastest growing hardwood species commonly planted in eastern North America, certainly the fastest growing maple. Red maple tree (Acer rubrum) varieties have distinctive palmate-shaped, green foliage that turns brilliant shades of red in fall. Once established, it will have some drought resistance. Red Maple Tree Identification. Most conifer trees have needles or scales present all year that can be used for identification. One of the most common hardwood tree species in North America, the red maple (Acer rubrum) is a favorite landscape tree due to its brilliant reddish-orange foliage in autumn. Sugar sand or niter is the salt that precipitates during the evaporation process. There are thirteen native maple species in North America (Table 3-1). 5-7 inches wide; deeply clefted; 5-lobed with the sides of the terminal lobe diverging toward the tip; light green upper surface and a silvery white underside; leaf margin with fine teeth (but not the inner edges of the sinuses). Mature trees commonly average between 20 and 30 inches in diameter and 60 and 90 feet tall. Maple Tree Types. It grows faster than Norway and sugar maples, but slower than silver maple. Like the red maple, silver maple is a relatively short-lived tree when compared to the sugar or black maple, living perhaps. Mature leaves have a whitish appearingunderside. It is not unusual to find many trees in a sugar bush well in excess of 3 percent, and occasionally higher. Study the flowers and fruits to identify the female red maple tree. Looking at the leaf and bark will usually give you a good indication of at least part of the parent stock, from which you can consult other resources for more precise plant identification . Both species can be found growing in pure stands, with each other, or with a wide variety of other hardwood species including American beech, American basswood, yellow birch, black cherry, northern red oak, yellow poplar and black walnut. Silvery gray on young trees breaking into long thin scaly plates that give the trunks of older trees a very shaggy appearance. Many of its features, especially its leaves, are quite va… Similar to sugar maple but usually darker and more deeply grooved or furrowed. Leaf colors ranges from light green to almost white in color. Black maple, on the other hand, occupies a much smaller natural range (Figure 3.7). An American native, red maple forms a handsome oval crown of bright green leaves that turn fiery red in autumn. The bark on young red maples is smooth and light gray, while older red maples have darker, rougher bark that peels off in scaly plates or flakes. Norway maple and red maple are easy to distinguish at any time of year. Study the bark to identify the red maple tree. Black maple is more likely to be found along moist river bottoms. The cankers of this fungus will look like small shallow depressions on the bark with warts in the center of ea… They have broader leaves than that of a red maple tree stretching to about 4-7 inches and have a total of five lobes. The red maple is usually a medium-sized tree with a moderate growth rate. Reds Maple leaves are simpleSimple Leaf: A leaf with a single undivided blade, as opposed to a compound leaf, which is one that is divided to the midrib, with distinct, expanded portions called leaflets., meaning … Trees of North Carolina A Free, On-Line Plant Identification tool Featuring native and naturalized trees of North Carolina. However, red maple is well-suited for making clothespins, musical instruments, and boxes. Red maple transplants easily at any age, has an oval shape and is a fast grower with strong wood and grows into a medium-large tree of about 40' to 70'. Acer rubrum, commonly called red maple, is a medium-sized, deciduous tree that is native to Eastern North America from Quebec to Minnesota south to Florida and eastern Texas.It typically grows 40-60’ tall with a rounded to oval crown. They are mainly confused due to being common and often occurring in the same habibat, especially around humans. The red maple tree has a slightly pyramidal shape and ascending branches when it’s young but develops a more rounded canopy as it matures. Depending on the species of tree, the toothed edges can be so fine that you have to look close to notice them. It is most easily identified by the opposite paired arrangement of its leaves and branches and its 3lobed leaf with coarse teeth. Crushed twigs do not emit a rank odor as does the silver maple. If it is smooth to the touch, gray or gray-brown in color and the tree is relatively young, it might be any one of a number of common maples, including red, Norway, sugar or silver maple. This species grows 30 to 90 feet tall and up to 4 feet in diameter. Also, all four produce a fruit called a samara (or double samara), which is a pair of connected, winged seeds. It is also known as Scarlet Maple, Swamp Maple, Soft Maple, Carolina Red Maple, and Water Maple. Red maple is commonly tapped in certain geographic areas, particularly in the southern and western portions of the commercial maple range. The Red Maple (Acer rubrum) is a medium to large deciduous tree that flourishes in a variety of habitats in the Adirondack Mountains.Its common name reflects the fact that its flowers, fruits, leaf stalks, and autumn colors are red or reddish. Similar to sugar maple with, perhaps, a slightly larger seed. To do this, begin by counting lobes of leaves. Includes images of bark, twigs, leaves, reproductive organs as well as distribution maps. Sugar sand can cause several problems during the production process. The leaf edges have small, sharp teeth. Other things being equal, higher sap sugar content translates to lower costs of production and greater profits. On good sites with little competition from other trees, silver maple diameter growth may approach 1/2 inch per year (rates as high as 1 inch per year have been recorded). To make maple tree identification a little easier, let’s begin by dividing them into two main groups: hard and soft maples. It is important to emphasize that good, high-quality maple syrup can be made from red maple sap. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, red maple tree image by Giovanni Aquaro from, the red maple leaf image by Ken Pilon from, red maple tree in Maine image by Jorge Moro from, The Village of Waterford, Virginia: Maple Trees. Both species are relatively long lived, capable of living well beyond 200 years, with trunk diameters greater than 30 inches and heights greater than 100 feet. It normally grows to a mature height of about 50 feet. 3-5 inches wide; 5lobed (rarely 3-lobed); bright green upper surface and a paler green lower surface; leaf margin without fine teeth (compare with red and silver maple). Canyon maple is a medium-sized, slow-growing tree that can reach a height of 30 to 40 feet. Identify the red maple tree by its habitat. Don’t confuse the red maple with the silver maple tree, both of which have similar leaves with whitish undersides. Similar to sugar maple but twig surface with small warty growths (lenticels, which are not raised much above the bark surface in sugar maple) and often more hairy buds. Sugar and black maple are very similar species and unquestionably the most preferred species for producing maple products, primarily because of their high sugar content. Sugar maple occurs naturally throughout most of the northeastern United States and southeastern Canada (Figure 3.6). Like other maples, the branches of Red Maples are opposite, meaning that the branches are directly across, or opposite, each from other. Sugar and black maple have the highest sap sugar content of any of the native maples. The Red Maple generally reaches heights of nearly 100-120 ft., while its signature leaves range from 3 to 5-lobed, with each of the lobes separated by distinct V-shaped angles. In scientific classification of Red Maple Tree, Family is … Red maple trees can grow to be 90 feet tall. Identify the red maple tree by its leaves, which are 2 to 6 inches wide with three to five shallow lobes. The red maple ranges from southeastern Manitoba around the Lake of the Woods on the border with Ontario and Minnesota, east to Newfoundland, south to Florida, and southwest to eastern Texas. Considerable red is seen in bark pattern as scales develop. Red maple has a highly variable leaf shape, and some can look similar to sugar maple, but they are easily distinguished by serrations and the color of the leaf underside. It can also grow in rocky landscapes. Compared to sugar and black maple, red maple is a relatively short-lived tree, rarely living longer than 150 years. Northeast United States & Southern Canada, Northeast United States & Southeast Canada, Southeast United States Coastal Plain & Piedmont. Smaller in height and width, Crimson King grows to about 10 metres and is a narrower and more upright in shape, (hence its name) making it a good choice for a smaller garden. They can grow as high as 50 feet. The red maple grows 50 to 90 feet tall and 25 to 45 feet wide. 130-150 years. The plant flowers in mid-spring. Its use as an ornamental and street tree, at least in urban areas, has been discontinued in recent years because the wood of silver maple is very brittle and often breaks in severe wind, snow or ice storms. Caused By: Fungi that tends to hide in leaf debris.Specific species include Rhytisma acerinum, R. americanum, and R. It gives you the idea of how the plant looks, where the seed pod will be, what the seed will be like, etc. None of the other maple species can match the red maple’s breathtaking fall foliage, however. Nectria cinnabarina canker This maple tree disease can be identified by its pink and black cankers on the bark and typically affects parts of the trunk that were weak or dead. Genetic research on sugar maple suggests that the sap sugar content of planted seedlings can be increased by controlled breeding. Crimson King is a cultivar of the Norway Maple, Acer platanoides ‘Crimson King’. Many homeowners choose to plant a red maple as an ornamental tree because it’s easy to grow. Distinguishing between them may be more of an academic exercise than one useful in sugar bush management because (1) they are essentially identical in quality as sugar trees, and (2) they often hybridize producing trees with a range of characteristics, making it difficult to clearly distinguish between them. The U.S. Forest service recognizes it as the most abundant native tree in eastern North America. Also, the silver maple's twigs have a foul odor when crushed. Identifying a tree as a sugar or black maple (Table 3.2, Figure 3.2 & 3.3) is easily done from the leaves by observing 5-lobed leaves, the paired opposite attachment of the leaves along the stem and the lack of teeth along the leaf margin; from the bark of older trees by observing the long plates that remain attached on one side; from the twigs by observing the opposite arrangement of buds and the relatively long, pointed, brownish terminal bud; and from the seed by observing its horseshoe shape and size. Twigs are reddish and have rounded, oblong, vegetative buds. Red Sunset is a red maple cultivar with superior fall color and good branch structure. The red maple tree has a slightly pyramidal shape and ascending branches when it’s young but develops a more rounded canopy as it matures. Both species are also found in stands composed of trees that are essentially all the same age (size). It changes its usual color to bright orange or red come autumn. Because sugar and black maple resume growth later than red or silver maple, sap may be collected later in the spring. Maple trees have pointed lobes, whereas white oak tree leaves have a rounded lobe shape. If these species occur in a sugarbush it is important to be able to identify them. Also, the silver maple’s twigs have a foul odor when crushed. The 3 most popular type of maple trees are Maple Sugar, Red maple and Japanese Maple. These include trees in the pine, fir, cypress, larch and spruce families. The most widespread maple in eastern North America and ubiquitous in both the urban and forest landscape. There are about 128 species of maple trees in the Acer plant genus. The sap of Norway maple is not commonly used to produce maple syrup. Silver maple's growth rate often responds dramatically to thinning or release cutting. In addition, when the sap of some red maples is processed, an excessive amount of sugar sand is produced. Distinguishing between sugar and black maple is best done by comparing the leaf structure (particularly the number of lobes, droopiness and presence or absence of stipules along base of petiole) and by the degree of bumpiness of the twigs. As maples begin their growth, chemical changes occur in the sap which make it unsuitable for syrup production. Red maple is one of the most abundant and widespread hardwood trees in North America (Figure 3.8). punctatum. Sugar and black maple are particularly attractive as sugar trees because of their high sap sugar content and the late date at which they begin growth in the spring. Its rapid growth and ability to thrive on a wide variety of sites have resulted in its widespread planting as ornamental and street trees which are often tapped as part of a sugaring operation. First, the sap sugar content of red maple will be less, on the average, than that of nearby comparable sugar or black maples, perhaps by 1/2 percent or more. While most of these species are probably tapped to some extent, at least by hobbyists, sugar and black maple, along with red maple (Acer rubrum), provide most of the commercial sap. None of the other maple species can match the red maple’s breathtaking fall foliage, however. Identifying a tree as a red maple (Table 3.2, Figure 3.4) is done from the leaves by observing the 3 lobes (occasionally 5), the paired opposite arrangement of the leaves and the small teeth along the margin; from the bark of older trees by the presence of the scaly plates; from the twig by observing the paired opposite arrangement of the buds, the relatively short, blunt, rounded, red terminal bud and the lack of an offensive odor when the bark of the twig is bruised or scraped; and from the fruit by observing its severe V-shape and size. Thinning or release cutting dramatically reduces this age-to-tapable-size. Plantations of sugar maple have also been established with the intent of developing efficient, productive sugar bushes. One of the most common hardwood tree species in North America, the red maple (Acer rubrum) is a favorite landscape tree due to its brilliant reddish-orange foliage in autumn. This lower sap sugar content translates to higher costs of production and lower profits. In some areas of the commercial maple range, red maple is the only maple present on many sites. Like sugar and black maple, red maple is shade tolerant and is found in both even-aged and uneven-aged forests. Click on “identify” and then select the image that looks most like the plant you are trying to identify. Young trees up to 4-8 inches with smooth gray bark. Healthy sugar and black maple trees growing in overstocked uneven-aged or even-aged stands can be expected to achieve tapable size in 40 to 60 years, depending on overall site quality. Maples are deciduous trees characterized by opposite leaf arrangement and spectacular fall color. Table 3-2 contains a descriptive comparison and Figures 3.2 through 3.5 illustrate characteristic leaves, bark, twigs, and fruits of sugar, black, red and silver maple. Hard maples grow very slowly and live a long time. 2-6 inches wide; 3lobed (occasionally weakly 5-lobed); sharply V-shaped sinuses; small sharp teeth along. Identification: Black spots that range in size from a pin-prick to size of a half dollar (4 cm).Some reports say that the spots can get as big as two inches. Maple sugar, red maple have typically 5 lobes and Japanese maple between 5 to 7 lobes. Winter buds, clusters of small winter spring flowers, leaf stems, twigs, and winged summer fruits are all reddish colored. Black and sugar maples begin growth later in the spring than red or silver maple. The fruits, which ripen in May or June, are winged pairs of seeds that are ½ to 1 inch long and red or greenish, turning tan at maturity. When compared to sugar, black and red maple, silver maple is a distinctly fourth choice for sugaring for several reasons. The silver maple’s leaves don’t turn a bright red or orange in fall–they turn a yellowish-brown. Maple Tree Leaf Identification. 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